What Food Group Is Pasta

Department of Health

The nutrients required for life and growth are found in foods from the four main dietary groups: grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables. These items are referred to as ‘daily foods’ in some circles. Each of the dietary categories contains a variety of nutrients, and they all have a part in the proper functioning of the body. Vegetables, legumes, and fruit, in particular, provide protection against sickness and are key components of a balanced diet. The fundamental food groupings are as follows:

  • Cereals, breads and cereals
  • Rice
  • Pasta
  • Noodles and other grains
  • Vegetables and legumes
  • Fruit
  • Milk, yoghurt
  • Cheese and/or alternatives
  • Poultry
  • Eggs
  • Nuts and legumes
  • Lean meat, fish, and poultry

A well-balanced diet consists of a variety of foods from each of the five food categories, as well as a diversity of flavors and textures to satisfy the palate. It is critical that we pick the majority of the foods we consume on a daily basis from these food groups. Foods such as’sometimes foods’ (see page 24) contain minimal nutritional value and are not required for optimal health, on the other hand. Reduce the quantity of these foods that your youngster is exposed to.

Food for Health: Dietary Guidelines for Children and Adolescents in Australia

The nutritional needs of children and adolescents must be met in order for them to grow and develop appropriately.

  • For young children, it is important to monitor their growth on a regular basis. The importance of physical activity in the lives of children and adolescents cannot be overstated

Take advantage of a diverse selection of nutrient-dense foods.

  • Consumption of vegetables, legumes, and fruits should be encouraged
  • Consumption of cereals (including breads, rice, pasta, and noodles), preferably wholegrain
  • Consumption of lean meat, fish, poultry, and/or alternatives
  • Consumption of dairy products (including milk, yoghurt, and cheese, and/or alternatives)
  • Consumption of dairy products As a result of their high energy requirements, reduced-fat milks are not recommended for children under two years of age
  • However, reduced-fat varieties should be encouraged for older children and adolescents
  • Choose water as a drink and take care to: limit saturated fat intake and moderate total fat intake. It is not recommended to feed newborns a low-fat diet
  • Instead, pick meals that are low in sodium and consume only moderate quantities of sweets and foods that include added sugars.

Food preparation and storage should be done with care for your child’s food. the top of the page The Commonwealth of Australia published this book in 2003. The Australian Government granted permission for this reproduction in 2009.

Breads, cereals, rice, pasta, noodles and other grains

Carbohydrates are found in grains such as breads, cereals, rice, pasta, noodles, and other grain-based meals, which the body uses for energy. These include wholemeal and wholegrain breads, cereals, and savory cookies, which are the finest options in this category. Brown rice, couscous, wholegrain pasta, and polenta are some of the other nutritious options.

Vegetables, legumes and fruit

Fruits and vegetables are a good source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber, and they should be included in all meals and snacks on a regular basis. Choose a variety of fruits, vegetables, and legumes (particularly those with contrasting colors, textures, and flavors) to ensure that you are getting a diverse range of vitamins and minerals in your diet. Dairy products such as milk, yoghurt, cheese, and/or substitutes Simple dairy foods such as plain milk, cheese, and yoghurt are the most often consumed and are the most important dietary sources of calcium.

Babies under the age of 12 months are not suggested to drink milk, although little amounts in morning cereal and other dairy products such as yoghurt, custard, and cheese are OK after nine months.

If your child does not consume cow’s milk or cow’s milk products, you can give him or her a calcium-fortified soy drink as a substitute. It is not suggested to feed children rice or oat milks, and they should only be administered after consulting with a doctor.

Lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts and legumes

Red meat (such as cattle, lamb, and kangaroo), white meat (such as pig, chicken, and turkey), fish, and eggs are all included in this classification. Nuts, beans, and tofu are examples of non-animal items that fall under this category. Meat and meat substitutes are high in protein, iron, and zinc, and are therefore vital for the growth and development of children. To ensure that children’s meals do not include excessive amounts of fat, it is advisable to pick lean meat and skinless chicken. the top of the page

Vegetarian and vegan eating practices

Some families follow a vegetarian diet, while others do not. Animal goods such as meat, poultry, and fish are often avoided in this situation. Eggs, milk, cheese, and yoghurt are among the animal-derived goods that many vegetarians continue to consume. It is especially necessary for vegetarians to consume a range of legumes, nuts, seeds, and grain-based foods in order to obtain the same nutrients that would otherwise be obtained from meat, poultry, and seafood. Vegans abstain from consuming any foods that are derived from animals.

If your family follows a vegan diet, make sure to plan ahead of time and speak with an Accredited Practising Dietitian to ensure that your child’s nutritional needs are addressed.

What are ‘sometimes foods’?

‘Sometimes foods’ include a lot of fat, sugar, and/or sodium. They are often low in nutritional content and are commonly processed and packaged before being consumed. No longer is it necessary to provide youngsters with occasional foods on a regular basis. Some examples of foods that are consumed on occasion include:

  • Fried foods
  • Pastry-based meals such as pies, sausage rolls and pasties
  • Fast food and takeout foods
  • Cakes and ice cream
  • Soft drinks, fruit juices and fruit juice drinks, cordial, sports drinks, energy drinks, flavor-enhanced milk and flavor-enhanced mineral water
  • Chocolate and confectionery.

food guide pyramid

There are six food groups in the pyramid:breads/ cereal/ rice/ pasta; vegetables; fruits; milk/ yogurt/ cheese; meat/ poultry/ fish/ eggs/ beans/ nuts; and fats/ oils/ sweets.Five groups are needed daily.

Click here for the printable (Word) version of the lessonThe Food Guide Pyramid Introduction The Food Guide Pyramid is a tool designed to promote the concepts of variety, moderation and balance in the diet.Variety means eating foods from all food groups, moderation means limiting the amount of high sugaror high fat foods, and balance means eating the number of servings recommended according to your individual calorie needs.The Food Guide Pyramid is based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and is also designed to provide the recommended dietary allowances for calories, fiber and nutrients.There are six food groups in the pyramid:breads, cereal, rice, pasta; vegetables; fruits; milk, yogurt, cheese; meat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans and nuts; and fats, oils and sweets.Five major groups are needed daily.We just need a little bit of the last group to round out our meals.Foods in the sixth group should be eaten sparingly.No one food group is more important than another.There are no “good” foods or “bad” foods.However, it is important to balance the high fat or high sugar foods with low fat or low sugar foods over a period of one or two days.Foods that have three or less grams of fat per 100 calories are considered low in fat. What You Will Learn and How it Will be Useful to You After completing this lesson, you will be able to:Name the five major food groups pictured in the Food Guide Pyramid. Describe the symbols for fat and sugar and name the foods that are sources of these nutrients (including food groups in the rest of the pyramid). List the range of servings recommended for each food group. Understand serving sizes. Understand that fat intake should be limited to 30% of calories. Give suggestions for food selection and preparation methods to help moderate sugar and fat intake. Understand that exercise is an important part of a healthy lifestyle.Visit theHealthy Choiceweb site to learn some nutrition facts. Group One:Breads, Cereals, Rice and Pasta Bread, cereal, rice and pasta are the foundation of a well-balanced diet.Foods in this group provide key nutrients for a variety of uses:
  • B-vitamins aid in the use of food energy, the maintenance of healthy skin, and the regulation of appetite and digestion. Iron aids in the production of red blood cells. Proteins are required for the growth and repair of biological tissues, among other things. Carbohydrates are necessary for energy production. Fiber helps to keep constipation at bay.

Biscuits, bread, ready-to-eat cereals, cooked cereals (oatmeal, grits, and cream of wheat), cornmeal, macaroni, muffins, noodles, pancakes, rice, spaghetti, tortillas, waffles, graham crackers, saltine crackers, and popcorn are examples of foods that fall into this category. The Food Guide Pyramid suggests six to eleven servings of bread, rice, cereal, and pasta per day from the grains and grains category. The following are the serving sizes for this group: Bread – one piece is plenty. Whether it’s a biscuit, roll, or muffin, – One tiny Tortilla (about 1 oz.) – One waffle or pancake per person – One Crackers is a slang term for one who cracks a joke.

– One-half of a Cereal that is ready to eat – One ounce of liquid Half a cup of cooked cereal, grits, rice, macaroni, spaghetti, and noodles The following are some of the greatest deals in the bread, cereal, rice, and pasta category:

Enriched white rice, brown riceEnriched macaroni, noodles and spaghetti Enriched white or whole-grain bread Saltine crackers Cornbread or muffins made from scratch Cornbread, muffin or biscuit mix Enriched flour Instant rice, seasoned rice, wild ricePasta in special shapes (curls, shells) Specialty breads Specialty crackers Mixes Ready-to-eat muffins, biscuits Cake flour

For the bread, cereal, rice, and pasta groups, some further cost-saving strategies are as follows: Instead of single-serving boxes of ready-to-eat cereal, go for large boxes or bags of the same variety. Purchase day-old bread and do your grocery shopping at bakeries. Stale bread may be used for a variety of dishes such as toast, casseroles, French toast, grilled sandwiches, bread pudding, and stuffing. Compare bread costs based on the weight of the loaf rather than the size of the box. It is possible that a huge loaf of bread contains a significant amount of air.

  • These are typically less expensive than branded brands.
  • In most cases, they are less expensive than ready-made blends.
  • Make careful to read the labels on these items to ensure that you know exactly what you’re getting yourself into.
  • A good source of fiber is found in them.
  • Enriched: When grain is processed to generate white flour or meal, vitamins and iron are removed from the grain.
  • The fiber that is lost during the milling process, on the other hand, is not replaced.

These goods are referred to as fortified products. They are typically more expensive than similar products that have not been fortified. Tips for storing the bread, cereals, rice, and pasta groups include the following:

  • Bread that has been held at room temperature for the longest period of time remains fresh. Bread that is kept in the refrigerator becomes stale more rapidly, but it does not mold as quickly. You may store bread in the freezer for up to six months. Rice, flour, noodles, and cornmeal, among other things, should be stored in firmly covered containers in a dry area. The process of washing rice and rinsing cooked spaghetti and noodles loses essential nutrients.

Quiz with flash cards:

1. Which food has the least calories? One-half cup cottage cheese Two ounces of lean beef One slice bread
Answer:Bread- One slice contains only 80 calories.Both the two ounces of beef and the one-half cup of cottage cheese have 120 calories.
2.Which food has the least calories? Whole hamburger bun Three ounce hamburger patty Small bag potato chips
Answer:Hamburger bun – this has 160 calories.The hamburger patty has 185 calories, and the chips have 175 calories.
3.Which food has the least calories? One baked chicken leg One-half cup rice One 12 ounce can of cold drink
Answer:Rice – One-half cup of rice has only 80 calories.The chicken leg contains 140 calories, and a 12 ounce can cold drink contains 150 calories.

Is bread a calorie-dense food? Many people believe that bread products are high in fat. However, this is not the case. That which we eat on top of the bread is what makes us fat, not the bread itself. Adding a pat of butter and a spoonful of grape jelly to the bread will increase its calorie count from 80 to 160, instead of 80. By adding two tablespoons of sauce to your rice, you may increase the calories from 80 to 200 per serving. Bread, cereal, rice, and pasta are all low-calorie foods that will not make you gain weight.

This category of foods should account for half of the calories we consume on a daily basis.

Compare: A slice of bread contains 80 calories.

175 calories are included in one doughnut.

  • Cooking recipes for biscuits or cornbread should be made with less fat. Use bread that has been finely cut
  • Popcorn without butter is a good snack.
Choosing Cereals Did you know that some cereals may have as much as three and one-half teaspoons of sugar in each serving?We will look at how to choose the best cereals for you and your family.Cereals are nutritious, tasty, convenient and low-cost.They are easy to prepare and are packed with energy.Cereals help build muscles and other body tissues.They also help promote growth and good health.The USDA Food Guide Pyramid recommends eating six to eleven servings of bread, rice, cereal and pasta each day.Cereals made from whole grains are best.They have more fiber.Examples of whole-grain cereals are barley, corn, oats, rice and rye.Insoluble fiber aids in digestion and elimination.Soluble fiber helps to reduce cholesterol levels.Cereals made from bran of wheat, oats, rice, corn or other grains are high in dietary fiber. Cereals that are cheaper are usually more nutritious.Cereals that you cook are usually less expensive than ready-to-eat or instant cereals.Single packages of cereal cost more than large packages. Some cereals contain added sugar.These cereals usually have more calories and cost more than plain cereals.Add your own sugar to plain cereals to save money and calories. Use the ingredient label.Read labels to select the best cereal.As a general rule, the shorter the list of ingredients, the more nutritious the cereal.Look for whole grain as the first ingredient.Choose cereals that are whole grain, enriched or restored.Look for the terms – oats, corn, rice, barley, rye and wheat. Web Sites to Visit: www.usarice.comThis is a good site for rice recipes, cooking tips and nutrition information. www.smallgrains.orgClick on “Wheat Foods” and then the “6 Classes of Wheat.”Also click on “Wheat Facts”and “About Wheat Nutrition” and read the topics included. www.kelloggs.comClick on “Course 1” and go through the course. www.breadworld.com This is a good site for recipes and nutrition information.

Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture. The Louisiana Cooperative Extension Service provides equal opportunities in programs and employment. Information and Graphics on this site are copyright protected by LSU Agricultural Center’s Louisiana Cooperative Extension Services.For more information on the EFNEP program, [email protected]

Exploring the Food Groups

Detailed explanation of the four major dietary categories, as well as their advantages, is provided in this article.

In this article, you will find:

  • Grains and starches
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Meat and protein
  • Dairy
  • Fats and sugars
  • Grains and starches
  • Vegetables and fruits

Grains and starches

Aside from the delicious fragrances, flavors, and textures that food has to offer, each food category contains varied levels of a variety of different nutrients. All five food categories provide some, but not all, of the nutrients necessary for optimum health. Each food category contains a variety of nutrients. As a result, it is critical that you consume foods from each food category on a daily basis. The Bread, Cereal, Rice, and Pasta Group is comprised of the following products: In the base of the Food Guide Pyramid, you’ll find all of the items that are made from grains.

  1. Complex carbohydrates are found in abundance in foods from the bread, cereal, rice, and pasta groups, sometimes known as the starch group (or starches).
  2. They are low in fat and cholesterol, and they serve as the primary source of energy for your body.
  3. Every day, according to the Food Guide Pyramid, you should have six to eleven servings from the carbohydrate category.
  4. The following are the calories in a serving of food:
  • One piece of enriched or whole-grain bread
  • One cup of milk Twelve-centimeter-thick bagel
  • One 6-inch tortilla
  • 12 cups cooked rice or pasta
  • 12 cups cooked oatmeal or cream of wheat
  • 34 cups ready to eat cereal

Fact: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States currently mandates that enhanced, refined grain products (such as breads, flours, cornmeals, rice, noodles, macaroni, and other grain products) be fortified with folic acid, a type of folate, to be sold in the United States. Among other things, folate is a B vitamin that has been shown to lower the risk of some neural-tube birth abnormalities in newborn newborns when taken orally. A little amount of folate is naturally present in whole-grain meals.

  1. They also include minerals such as magnesium, iron, and zinc.
  2. In fact, consuming a variety of whole grain breads, bran cereals, and other whole-grain meals may easily meet half of your daily fiber requirements by eating lots of whole grain foods.
  3. Whole grains enhance the flavor and texture of dishes by adding additional fiber.
  4. The Difference Between Whole and Refined Grains In comparison to processed grains, whole grains are more nutritious and healthful.
  5. Refined grains are subjected to a milling process in which portions of the grain are removed in order to refine the grain.
  6. Many of the important elements in refined grains are lost during the manufacturing process.
  7. Increase your consumption of whole-grain foods by looking for terms on product labels that say “whole grain,” “whole wheat,” “rye,” “bulgur,” “brown rice,” “oatmeal,” “whole oats,” “pearl barley,” and “whole-grain corn” as one of the first words in the ingredient list.
  8. Some orange juice variants, for example, are fortified with calcium to provide a calcium boost.
  9. These are nutrients that may have been lost as a result of the processing procedure.

Making Informed Starch Selections According to the Food Guide Pyramid, you should start by making a variety of grain foods the core of your diet in order to establish a healthy foundation. Follow some of the recommendations in this article to get the most out of this essential food group.

  • Consume more whole wheat or whole grain breads, cereals, and pastas to reduce your risk of heart disease. Breads such as rye and pumpernickel are also high in fiber. On food labels, look for the phrases “rich in fiber” or “excellent source of fiber.” Look for breads, buns, and muffins that have no more than 3 grams of fat per serving. Try different grains such as quinoa, millet, or couscous to expand your culinary horizons. Toss pasta, rice, or bulgur (as in tabouli) into your salads to amp up the protein and fiber. Keep an eye out for the term “whole” in front of grains such as barley, corn, oats, rice, or wheat. Brown rice should be preferred over white rice on a regular basis. There is just one form of whole-grain rice, and it is brown rice. Attempt to find cereals that have at least 3 grams of fiber per serving, contain no more than 3 grams of fat per serving, and contain no more than 8 grams of sugar per serving. Breads, crackers, and crunchy snacks with less fat and sugar should be preferred


A grain product is any food that is manufactured from a cereal grain such as wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, or another cereal grain. Grains are used to make a variety of items, including bread, pasta, morning cereals, grits, and tortillas. The Grains Group also includes foods such as popcorn, rice, and oatmeal, amongst other things. Grains are split into two subgroups: whole grains and refined grains. Whole grains are those that have not been refined. Whole grains are comprised of the complete grain kernel, including the bran, germ, and endosperm, among other components.

  1. Refined grains have been milled, which is a procedure that eliminates the bran and germ from the grain.
  2. White flour, corn grits, white bread, and white rice are just a few examples of items made from refined grains.
  3. This implies that specific B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid) and iron are put back into the product after it has been processed.
  4. When purchasing refined grain products, double-check the ingredient list to ensure that the phrase “enriched” is included in the grain title.
  5. Whole grain foods are those that are produced entirely of whole grains and include no other ingredients.

What food group is spaghetti and meatballs in?

Asked in the following category: General 15th of February, 2020 was the most recent update. Spaghetti and Savory Meatballs are a delicious combination. With the addition of a fruit salad or dessert, this recipe may be transformed into a MyPlate meal, which includes: Food groups include protein, grains, vegetables, and dairy products. A grain product is any food that is manufactured from a cereal grain such as wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, or another cereal grain. Grains are used to make a variety of items, including bread, pasta, morning cereals, grits, and tortillas.

  • What is the origin of spaghetti and meatballs?
  • The United States of America Is spaghetti and meatballs, to put it simply, an Italian dish?
  • They’re referred to as polpettes, and they’re often served without pasta.
  • What is the nutritional value of spaghetti and meatballs?

The typical serving of this high-carbohydrate meal has 1,495 calories and 70 fat grams, as well as more than a day’s worth of salt, but it is lacking in vitamins, minerals, and other beneficial nutrients such as antioxidants and phytochemicals.

The 5 Food Groups: Sample Choices

Every food category is critical in delivering crucial nutrients and energy that can help to maintain normal growth and health in children and adults. Make dietary choices that have a high concentration of nutrients (such as protein, vitamins, and minerals) in relation to the number of calories, fat, and salt in the food.

Sample Food Choicesa

Food group Types of foods
Grains Whole grains:brown rice, buckwheat, bulgur (cracked wheat), oatmeal, popcorn b, whole grain barley, whole grain cornmeal, whole rye, whole wheat bread, whole wheat crackers, whole wheat pasta, whole wheat cereal flakes, whole wheat tortillas, wild riceOther products:mostly made from refined grains; however, some may be made from whole grains (check the ingredients for “whole grain” or “whole wheat”): cornbread, corn tortillas, couscous, crackers, flour tortillas, pasta, pitas, pretzels, ready-to-eat cereals
Vegetables b Dark green vegetables:bok choy, broccoli, collard greens, kale, spinachRed and orange vegetables:acorn squash, butternut squash, carrots, pumpkin, red peppers, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, tomato juiceStarchy vegetables:corn, green peas, potatoesOther vegetables:artichokes, asparagus, avocado, bean sprouts, beets, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, cucumbers, eggplant, green and red peppers, jicama, mushrooms, okra, onions, snow peas, string beans, tomatoes, vegetable juices, zucchini
Fruit b Apples, applesauce, apricots, bananas, berries (strawberries, blueberries, raspberries), figs, 100%fruit juices(unsweetened), grapefruit, grapes, kiwi fruit, mangoes, melons (cantaloupe, honeydew, watermelon), nectarines, oranges, papayas, peaches, pears, plums, pineapple, raisins, prunes, starfruit, tangerines. Many of these can be offered as dried fruits as well.
Meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts b Meats:lean cuts of beef, veal, pork, ham, and lamb; reduced-fat deli meatsPoultry:skinless chicken and turkey, ground chicken and turkeyFish:salmon, trout, and herring are rich in omega-3 fatty acids; clams, crab, lobster, mussels, octopus, oysters, scallops, squid (calamari), canned tuna fishBeans:cooked beans (black beans, black-eyed peas, kidney beans, lentils, pinto beans); refried beans (made without lard); tofu (bean curd made from soy beans)Nuts and seeds:peanut butter; sunflower seeds, almonds, and hazelnuts are rich in vitamin EEggs:chicken eggs, duck eggs
Dairy Low-fat milk, yogurt, cheese (such as cheddar, mozzarella, Swiss, parmesan, string cheese, cottage cheese), pudding, frozen yogurt, and ice milk. Calcium-fortified soymilk (soy beverage) is also part of the Dairy Group.

ChooseMyPlate.gov is a website run by the United States Department of Agriculture. Accessed on the 8th of June, 2011. b Please keep in mind that children less than 4 years old should not be given hard food until it has been cut thoroughly. Chock-worthy foods include nuts and seeds, pieces of meat or cheese, hotdogs, entire grapes, chunks of fruit (such as apples), popcorn, raw vegetables, chewing gum, hard, gooey, or sticky candies, and chewing gum. Choking hazards might arise when peanut butter is consumed by toddlers under the age of two.

Source (Copyright 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics) Answers to Common Questions From Parents About Nutrition and Fitness (Copyright 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics) Please remember that the material on this Web site is not intended to be a substitute for the medical care and advice provided by your doctor.

Ag’s Cool – Nutrition – Food Pyramid

The Food Guide Pyramid is a dietary guideline that promotes healthy eating. The pyramid is sufficiently adaptable to accommodate everyone. We don’t require certain foods for development and health, but we do require specific nutrients, which may be obtained from a variety of sources. Eating a variety of meals provides us with energy as well as a variety of other nutrients such as protein, carbs, fat, and a variety of vitamins and minerals. Make an effort to consume at least the minimal quantity of servings from each food category on a consistent basis.

  1. This portion of the pyramid contains items such as milk, yogurt, cheese, and pudding.
  2. Complex carbs, such as those found in breads, cereals, rice, pasta, and other grain products, provide us with the energy we require to maintain our busy lifestyles.
  3. Crackers, muffins, pancakes, grits, oats, and cereals are all included in this category as well.
  4. They also include B vitamins, calcium, potassium, and a variety of other minerals and nutrients.
  5. Fruit provides vitamins A (beta carotene) and C, as well as potassium and other minerals, which help to maintain the health of our skin, eyes, and gums.
  6. Fruits are a healthy and delicious snack that is high in nutrients.
  7. Small amounts of candy, soft drinks, and other sweets can be consumed on an as-needed basis if you first fill up on meals from the fundamental food categories.

However, keep in mind that these items should not be consumed on a daily basis. Snack on items from each of the food categories on the food pyramid to get the most out of your snacking experience.

How many servings of eachof the food groups should we eat each day?

  • Breads, cereals, rice, and pasta should be consumed in six to nine portions per day. Eat three to five servings of vegetables per day, along with two or three servings of fruits. Consume 2 to 3 servings each day of milk, yogurt, and cheese. Meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts: 2 to 3 (5-6 ounces of meat) servings per day
  • 2 to 3 (5-6 ounces of fish) servings per day

What counts as a serving?

Group of breads:

  • 1 slice of bread
  • 1/2 cup rice or noodles
  • 1/2 hamburger bun
  • 1/2 bagel
  • 1/2 cup grits or oatmeal
  • 1 ounce of cold cereal
  • 3-4 little crackers
  • 1 pancake
  • 1 piece of bread


  • A serving size of 1 cup leafy vegetables (lettuce, spinach, or cabbage), 1/2 cup raw nonleafy vegetables, 1/2 cup cooked vegetables, 1/2 cup beans or peas, 1 small baked potato, and 3/4 cup vegetable juice
  • 1-medium-sized fruit (apple, orange, peach)
  • 1/2-cup berries or cut-up fruit
  • 1/4-cup dried fruit
  • 3/4-cup juice
  • 1-1/2 cups ice cream
  • 1-1/2 cups frozen yogurt
  • 1-1/2 cups cottage cheese
  • 2 ounces processed cheese (American)
  • 1 1/2-ounces natural cheese (cheddar, mozzarella, Swiss, monterey jack)
  • 1-1/2 cup frozen yogurt
  • 1 1/2-cup ice cream
  • 2-cups cottage cheese

Meats: the following constitute one ounce of meat:

  • Ingredients: 1 egg, 2 tablespoons peanut butter, 1/3 cup nuts, 1/4 cup egg replacement
  • 1/2 cup dried beans or peas

Count the following as 2 ounces of meat:

  • 1 small chicken leg or thigh
  • 2 slices sandwich-size meat
  • 1/2 cup tuna
  • 1 small chicken leg or thigh

Count the following as 3 ounces of meat:

  • Cooked meat the size of a deck of cards, 1 medium pork chop, 1/4 pound hamburger patty, 1 chicken breast, 1 unbreaded fish filet

Simplify your fat, oil, and sweet intake by avoiding margarine, gravy, salad dressings, soft drinks, candy bars, and other confections. While these meals are high in calories, they are low in nutritional value.

Breads, Cereal, Rice, and Pasta

Bread, cereal, rice, and pasta are examples of staple foods. Grain items such as bread, cereal, rice, and pasta are beneficial to your health. They are excellent suppliers of vitamins and minerals, as well as other nutrients. The carbohydrates starch and fiber found in breads, cereals, rice, and pasta are also excellent sources of nutrition. Many individuals believe that starchy meals such as bread, rice, and pasta contribute to weight gain. They aren’t, in fact. However, when you add fats such as margarine, oil, mayonnaise, cheese sauce, or gravy to them, you end up with a significant increase in calories.

  1. Whole-grain meals include a variety of options such as oatmeal, brown rice, grits, corn tortillas, and whole wheat bread, among others.
  2. Brown rice may be substituted for white rice, or the two can be combined the next time you make rice.
  3. Crunchy pastries like croissants, Danish, doughnuts, cake, and certain muffins have more fat and calories than a piece of plain bread or cereal.
  4. Reduce your intake of these items by eating them less frequently or in smaller portions.
  5. When preparing rice or pasta recipes, you may also reduce the amount of fat used.
  6. Sometimes you may reduce the fat content by half without affecting the flavor or appearance of the cuisine!
  7. In case you have any queries concerning the sorts of foods that are included in this category, you may “Ask the Nutritionist.” Take the Quizon Bread, Cereal, Rice, and Pasta to put your knowledge to the test.

Food Groups

​Interested in healthy eating and having a balanced diet? If so, you’ll want to learn more about food groups. This section helps explain the food groups based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 and provides information about food plans. There are five groups consisting of vegetables, fruits, grains, dairy and a protein group which includes meat, poultry, fish and nuts.​What are the basic food groups?
​VegetablesThe vegetables you eat may be fresh, frozen, canned or dried and may be eaten whole, cut-up, or mashed. You should eat a variety of dark green, red and orange vegetables, as well as beans and peas (which are also considered part of the protein group). Examples include broccoli, carrots, collard greens, split peas, green beans, black-eyed peas, kale, lima beans, potatoes, spinach, squash, sweet potatoes, tomatoes and kidney beans. Any vegetable or 100% vegetable juice counts in this group. FruitsThe fruits you eat may be fresh, canned, frozen or dried and may be eaten whole, cut-up, or pureed. Examples include apples, apricots, bananas, dates, grapes, oranges, grapefruit, mangoes, melons, peaches, pineapples, raisins, strawberries, tangerines, and 100% fruit juice.​
​GrainsThere are two types of grains – whole grains and refined grains. At least half of the grains you eat should be whole grains, such as whole-wheat bread, whole-grain cereals and crackers, oatmeal, bulgur, and brown rice. Refined grains include white bread, white rice, enriched pasta, flour tortillas, and most noodles. ​DairyMost of your choices should be fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products, but all milks and calcium-containing milk products count in this category. Examples include milk, cheeses, and yogurt as well as lactose-free and lactose-reduced products and soy beverages. Foods that are made from milk but have little or no calcium are not included, such as butter, cream, sour cream, and cream cheese.
​Protein FoodsChoose a variety of lean meats and poultry, seafood, beans and peas, eggs, processed soy products, unsalted nuts, and seeds. Make sure to eat at least 8 ounces of seafood each week. For more information, and to learn to build your plate, please visitwww.myplate.gov

Food Group List – Canada.ca

Food Group Code Food Group Name Description of the Contents of the Food Sub-groups – Grain Products Notes
1A PASTA Pasta of all kinds, wheat and non-wheat (e.g. corn, rice, buckwheat, Japanese). Dry food items are reconstituted.
1B RICE Rice of all types: white, brown and wild. Dry food items are reconstituted.
1C CEREAL GRAINS AND FLOURS Flour from all grains, beans, seeds or vegetables; grains such as quinoa, millet, bulgur, triticale, teff Most of these foods are reported in recipe and not on their own
2 WHITE BREADS Also for WHITE BREADS (2A)2A is the only food group under white breads (2)
2A WHITE BREAD Mostly white bread, mostly sold as sliced
3A WHOLE WHEAT BREADS Whole wheat and multigrain bread, mostly sold as sliced
3B OTHER WHOLE GRAIN BREADS Whole grain whole wheat bread, and other types of sliced bread like rye, pumpernickle, spelt
4A ROLLS, BAGELS, PITA BREAD, CROUTONS, DUMPLINGS, MATZO, TORTILLA Also includes bread stuffing, breadcrumbs, Includes commercial and home-baked
4B CRACKERS AND CRISPBREADS All types of crackers, crispbreads, rusks, bread sticks
4C MUFFINS AND ENGLISH MUFFINS English muffins and muffins, cornbread In surveys muffins are usually coded as recipes
4D PANCAKES AND WAFFLES Waffles, pancakes and french toast In surveys most are coded as recipes
4E CROISSANTS, PIECRUSTSPHYLLO DOUGH Croissants, phyllo and wonton wrapper, pie crusts In surveys most are coded as recipes
4F DRY MIXES (CAKES, MUFFINS, PANCAKES) Cake, biscuit, muffin, pie crust bread stuffing DRY MIXES In surveys these foods are all ingredients in recipes
5A BREAKFAST CEREALS, READY TO EAT All ready to eat breakfast cereals, Does not include infant cereals (see 52A). Also includes food items 13492 (cereal, ready to serve, Wheatlets), 13520 (cereal, total (American product)), and 13511 (cereal, French Toast crunch).
5B BREAKFAST CEREALS, HOT All hot breakfast cereals, dry and prepared. Does not include infant cereals (see 52A). (1) Includes hot, prepared, hot, cooked, hot, dry and Regular/quick/instant, cooked(2) Hot, dry items are reconstituted.
7A COOKIES, COMMERCIAL All types of cookies (including arrowroot), granola bars (crunchy and chewy), breakfast and energy bars In surveys, some cookies are coded as recipes if they are homemade
7B BISCUITS, COMMERCIAL Biscuit, plain or buttermilk In surveys most of biscuits will be coded as recipes
8A PIES, COMMERCIAL (POP TARTS) Pies and toaster pastry In surveys pies are coded as recipes
8B CAKES, COMMERCIAL (FROZEN CAKE) Cakes, cheesecakes, brownies In surveys cakes are coded as recipes
8C DANISHES, DOUGHNUTS AND OTHER PASTRIES, COMMERCIAL Doughnuts, cinnamon bun, sweet rolls, danish pastries and other puff pastries, and turnovers In surveys most of these food items are coded as recipes (doughnuts are an exception)

The 6 Major Food Groups

Each of the food categories listed below has a vital role to play in your daily nutrition. Most of the first five are certainly recognizable to you, but the last group may come as a surprise. Download ourFood Group Choices Chart for a quick reference guide to the most nutritious foods in each category.

Whole grains and starchy vegetables

Whole grains, rather than refined grains, provide more nourishment and satisfaction when used in breads, cereals, and cooked grains such as pasta, rice, and oatmeal, among other things. Read the ingredient list to see if the product contains whole grains.

The term “whole” must come before the grain in order for it to be considered complete. We put starchy vegetables such as potatoes in this category because they are similar to cooked grains in terms of macronutrient and calorie content, and because they are high in fiber.

Fruits and non-starchy vegetables

By include fresh veggies and fruits in your meals and snacks, you may improve your nutritional intake and sensation of fullness. The majority of individuals must make an effort to consume the required levels. Keep your freezer stocked with food for convenience to make things simpler. Increase your fiber intake by consuming whole fruit rather than juice. If you’re going to utilize canned goods, go for low-sodium veggies and fruits with no added sugar.

Dairy and non-dairy alternatives

This food group is a good source of calcium and vitamin D, which are both necessary. It also contains a significant amount of protein. Choose low-fat or fat-free yogurt, skim or 1 percent milk, calcium-fortified soy foods, reduced-fat cheeses, and low-fat or fat-free cheeses.

Fish, poultry, meat, eggs and alternatives

Fish, beef, or poultry served at lunch and supper in portions of 3-4 ounces offers more than enough protein for the majority of individuals. Consider the size of a standard deck of playing cards. A heart-healthy lean or very lean cut is recommended if you prefer a bigger serving size. Download our list of low-fat and high-fat options to use as a reference. It is suggested that you consume baked or broiled fish at least twice a week as a source of heart-healthy Omega-3 fat.

Heart-healthy oils

Oils in liquid form are rich in vital fatty acids, are heart-healthy, and are a delicious accompaniment to steamed veggies and salads. They can be divided into two broad categories:

  • Omega 6 fatty acids are found in corn, safflower, sunflower, and soybean oils. Cod liver oil, canola oil, flax seed oil, salmon, sushi, anchovies, sardines, and walnuts are all high in omega-3 fatty acids.

Omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids should be used in conjunction with one another to promote heart health. In order to counteract the high quantities of omega-6 fats found in processed foods, omega-3 fats should be replaced with omega-6 fats in cooking, and monounsaturated fats should be substituted for omega-6 fats. Make an effort to measure oils in cooking and dilute oils in dressings or sauces with water or vinegar, citrus juice, or other liquids in order to reap the advantages of oil without ingesting excessive calories.

Season salads, stir-fries, and hot cereals with a pinch of salt.

Elective or Discretionary Calories

Consider elective calories to be the equivalent of optional lessons. Following a sufficient intake of the nutritious meals listed above to fulfill your daily nutritional requirements, you will have calories left over for other activities. The majority of individuals choose to consume meals or beverages that are enjoyable rather than nutritious (like taking an enrichment class that has nothing to do with your major). However, some people prefer to supplement their diet with additional healthful items (like taking an extra class in your major).

Food group – Wikipedia

Oats, barley, and bread are all included in the grain category, which is the largest in many nutrition guides. Cookies, on the other hand, are classified as sugar. Vegetables, which are ranked as the second most important food category in several nutrition recommendations, are available in a broad range of forms, colors, and sizes. A food group is a grouping of foods that have nutritional qualities or biological categories that are comparable to one another. For a balanced diet, list of nutrition guides often split foods into food categories, and Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) suggest daily intakes of each group for each category of foods.

For example, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has classified food into four to eleven separate categories.

Historical food groups

Prior to 1943, the USDA supported eight fundamental food categories, then seven basic food groups until 1956, and then four food groups after that. The food pyramid was first presented in 1992, followed by the MyPyramid in 2005, and finally the MyPlate in 2011. Dietary recommendations were first published in 2015 and are expected to be updated every five years going forward. The rules for 2020 were scheduled to be announced in the spring of 2020.

The most common food groups

  • If dairy products are included in a nutrition guide, they are usually shown as a smaller category alongside milk replacements or meat. Dairy is also frequently classified separately from other food categories in nutrition guides. Dairy goods include items such as milk, butter, ghee, yogurt, cheese, cream, and ice cream, to name a few. The classification of dairy as a food group with recommended daily servings has been criticized by groups such as the Harvard School of Public Health, which point out that dairy is not a food group with recommended daily servings “A large body of research has demonstrated that such high dairy intakes provide little benefit and have a significant potential for harm. Moderate consumption of milk or other dairy products (one to two servings per day) is acceptable, and may even be beneficial for youngsters in some cases. Adults, on the other hand, do not require it for a variety of reasons.”
  • Apples, oranges, bananas, berries, and lemons are examples of fruits that are frequently lumped along with vegetables. In addition to crucial vitamins and minerals, fruits include carbohydrates that are mostly in the form of sugar. Grains, beans, and legumes, which are frequently referred to as cereals, make up the majority of the food groups listed in nutrition guides. Wheat, rice, oats, barley, bread, and pasta are examples of cereal grains. The beans baked beans and soy beans are two examples of bean products
  • The legumes lentils and chickpea are two examples of legume products. The starch in grains makes them a strong source of energy, and they are commonly grouped alongside other starchy foods such as potatoes. When it comes to dietary recommendations, meat is often categorized as a medium- to small-sized category, sometimes referred to as protein and sometimes include lentils and beans, eggs, meat substitutes, and/or dairy. Chicken, fish, turkey, hog, and beef are examples of protein-rich meals. Confections, often known as sweet foods and occasionally included with fats and oils, are normally a tiny category in nutrition guides, if they are included at all, and are sometimes mentioned separately from other food groups. Candy, soft drinks, and chocolate are just a few examples. Vegetables, which are frequently lumped together with fruit and occasionally include legumes, are generally a significant category in nutrition recommendations, second only to grains in terms of volume, and sometimes equal to or better to grains in terms of quality. Spinach, carrots, onions, and broccoli are examples of such vegetables. Water is dealt in a variety of ways by different culinary publications. Some guides do not include this category, while others mention it separately from the other food categories, and yet others make it the focal point or the basis of the book. Water is commonly grouped with other beverages such as tea, fruit juice, vegetable juice, and even soup, and it is generally suggested to be consumed in large quantities.

Uncommon food groups

The number of “common” food categories varies depending on who is doing the counting and how they are defined. Canada’s Food Guide, which has been in continuous publication since 1942 and is the second most requested government document in Canada after the income tax form, recognizes only four official food groups, with the remainder of foods being classified as “another.” The guide has been updated several times since its initial publication in 1942. In the Harvard Healthy Eating Pyramid and the University of Michigan Healing Foods Pyramid, alcoholic beverages are listed separately from other food groups and recommended only for certain people in moderation, whereas the Italian food pyramid includes a half-serving of wine and beer as part of the recommended daily intake.

See also

  • Food for thought: consumers, healthy eating, nutrition, the five food groups, etc.

What are the five food groups?

Please see the section below for further information, including where to get them and how much you should consume.

Fruit and vegetables

Aim to consume at least five servings of fruits and vegetables each day if possible. In addition to fiber, which may decrease cholesterol, keep the gut healthy, and aid digestion, they include essential vitamins and minerals that help prevent illness. Considering that fruits and veggies are low in calories and fat, they’re excellent for bulking up meals and helping you feel full without adding too many more calories. It’s simple to meet your daily requirement of five servings of fruits and vegetables if you distribute them throughout the day.

  • Breakfast may be made more interesting by using sliced bananas in your cereal or toast. include a bowl of salad or vegetable soup for your lunch
  • Having a piece of fruit as a mid-morning snack In the middle of the day, snacking on a bowl of raw carrots, peppers, and cucumbers, or include a portion of vegetables in your evening meal

What counts as a portion of fruit and vegetables?

  • 1 medium-sized fruit such as an apple, banana, pear, orange, or other similar-sized fruit
  • 2 plums or other similar-sized fruit (optional)
  • • One-half of a grapefruit or an avocado 1. 1 large fruit slice (melon or pineapple, for example)
  • The equivalent of three heaping teaspoons of veggies Fruit salad or stewed fruits (about 3 heaping teaspoons each)
  • Salad for dessert in a bowl

These meals and beverages count as one portion as well, however you can only count them once each day, as follows:

  • 3 heaping tablespoons of beans or pulses
  • 3 heaping teaspoons of rice
  • 100g dried fruit (such as raisins or apricots)
  • 150ml fruit juice or smoothie

Fruit juices and smoothies are high in sugar, so restrict your intake to 150ml per day – about the same as a small glass of juice. In addition, dried fruit contains a lot of sugar, therefore it’s recommended to avoid eating it in between meals to avoid developing cavities. That’s useful to know. Fresh, frozen, canned, and dried fruits and vegetables all count toward your daily five servings of fruits and vegetables. Check the labels and opt for low-sugar and low-salt alternatives.

Starchy food

Starchy meals such as potatoes, bread, rice, and pasta should account for around one-third of your total caloric intake. They are a rich source of energy as well as critical nutrients such as fiber, calcium, iron, and vitamins. Starchy foods have fewer than half the calories of fat when measured gram for gram.

Avoid adding extra fat to starchy foods such as butter, oil, spreads, cheese, or jam, since this will just increase the number of calories in the dish. It’s a good idea to build each meal on starchy foods, which you can learn more about here. Try:

  • A whole-grain breakfast cereal is a great way to start the day
  • A sandwich made with wholemeal bread for lunch, and potatoes, pasta or rice with your evening grain are all good ideas.

Wholegrain meals often have higher levels of fiber and minerals. Because they take longer to digest, they might keep you feeling fuller for extended periods of time. Brown rice, wholewheat pasta, whole oats, wholegrain morning cereals, and wholemeal bread, pitta, and chapatti are all examples of wholegrains. Additionally, high-fiber meals prepared with a blend of wholegrain and white flour, such as 50/50 bread, are available for purchase. Always check the label to see if there are any reduced-salt or reduced-sugar options.


Dairy products and dairy substitutes are excellent providers of protein and vitamins. They also include calcium, which is important for maintaining the health and strength of our bones. Semi-skimmed, skimmed, and 1 percent fat milk are all lower in fat than full-fat milk, but they also include protein, vitamins, and calcium in the same amounts. Alternatives to dairy milk include soy milk and nut milks. If you choose dairy-free milk, choose for unsweetened types that have been fortified with calcium rather than sweetened variants.

That’s useful to know.

Grating cheese is also a good idea because it allows you to use less because a little goes a long way.


Pulses are legumes such as beans, peas, and lentils, among others. They’re a wonderful source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and they’re naturally low in fat due to their low fat content. They count towards your five-a-day requirement, but only as one portion, regardless of how much you consume. Pulses are excellent for thickening soups, casseroles, and meat sauces, among other things. They enhance the flavor and texture of the dish while allowing you to use less meat. This lowers the amount of fat you consume while simultaneously increasing the amount of money you have in your pocket because pulses are often less expensive than meat.

Other vegetable protein

Tofu, bean curd, mycoprotein, and Quorn are some of the other plant-based types of protein you may eat. They are high in protein and low in fat, and may be substituted for meat in the majority of dishes.


Fish is an excellent source of protein, vitamins, and minerals, as well as other nutrients. At least two meals of fish per week should be consumed, one of which should be an oil-rich fish (one portion is around 140g). Fresh, frozen, or canned fish are all available.

Oil-rich fish

The omega 3 fatty acids found in oil-rich fish like salmon and mackerel help to keep our hearts healthy, and they are also an excellent source of the vitamins A and D. Most of us should limit our intake of oil-rich fish to no more than four servings per week since it can contain low amounts of contaminants that can accumulate in the body over time.

If you are pregnant, attempting to get pregnant, or breastfeeding, you should pay special attention to the following recommendations.

White fish and shellfish

A white fish is any fish that is neither red or blue in color. Haddock, plaice, coley, cod, skate, and hake are examples of white fish. It’s low in fat, includes key vitamins and minerals, and is a wonderful meat substitute because of its low fat content. Choose white fish that is fresh, frozen, or tinned; however, keep in mind that smoked fish and fish canned in brine might contain a lot of salt, so always read the label before purchasing.

Shark, swordfish and marlin

Adults should limit their consumption of swordfish, shark, and marlin to no more than one serving per week. Children, pregnant women, and women who are trying to conceive should avoid eating swordfish since it contains higher levels of mercury than other types of fish. That’s useful to know. Fish is best prepared by steaming, baking, or grilling. Fried fish, particularly battered fish, has more fat than other types of fish.


Eggs are a good source of protein, vitamins, and minerals, as well as other nutrients. A healthy balanced diet that includes eggs is encouraged, and there is no suggested limit to the amount of eggs you may eat in a week. Eggs are excellent for preparing nutritious and time-saving recipes. When cooking eggs, try to avoid using too much fat – poaching, scrambling, or boiling are the ideal methods. If you do decide to fry eggs, keep the amount of oil in the pan to a minimum and go for healthier unsaturated oils such as vegetable, rapeseed, or olive oil.

Quiches and flans include eggs, however they can be rich in fat and salt, therefore they should be consumed in moderation.


Among its many nutrients, meat is a good source of protein, vitamins, and minerals. It is one of the most significant sources of vitamin B12, which is a vital vitamin that can only be obtained through animal products such as meat and milk. It is critical to understand how to properly prepare and manage meat.

Red and processed meat

Beef, lamb, venison, and pork are all examples of red meat that may be consumed as part of a balanced diet. Processed meat is meat that has been preserved by the use of methods such as smoking, curing, salting, or the addition of preservatives. Processed meat comprises items such as sausages, bacon, burgers, ham, salami, various cured meats, and pâté, among other things. Eating an excessive amount of red and processed meat might raise your chance of developing bowel cancer. Make an effort to consume no more than 70g of red and processed meat every day – roughly the equivalent of two slices of roast beef or two sausages.

Some forms of meat include a greater concentration of fat, particularly saturated fat.

Increasing blood cholesterol levels as a result of consuming a high intake of saturated fat raises the risk of getting heart disease and strokes. Always strive to select lean pieces of beef that have less apparent white fat on the surface.

Tips to help you cut the amount of fat in meat dishes:

  • Use beans, peas, and lentils instead of meat to stretch your meal’s nutritional value even further. Rather than frying meat, grill it instead. In order to allow the fat to drain away from the meat when roasting it, lay it on a metal rack above the roasting tray. Choose thinner cuts of meat and leaner mince – check the label or ask your butcher for recommendations. Remove any extra fat either before or after cooking
  • Whenever possible, reduce the amount of fat used before or during cooking. Consider substituting part of the meat in your dish with protein-rich veggie sources.


Some fat in our diet is necessary, but most of us consume much too much of it. Due to the high concentration of unsaturated fat in plant-based oils including vegetable, rapeseed, and olive oil, they can help decrease cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. Unsaturated spreads with lower fat content are a viable substitute for butter. That’s useful to know. Some fats are better for you than others, but all fats include a lot of calories, so keep them to a minimum in your diet to help you maintain a healthy weight.

Food and drink high in fat, salt and sugars

Chocolate, cakes, biscuits, savoury snacks, and full-sugar soft drinks are examples of foods and beverages that are rich in fat, salt, or sugar. In Scotland, half of the sugar we consume, as well as around 20% of the calories and fat we ingest, comes from this type of food source. It is not necessary to consume foods and beverages high in fat, salt, and sugar as part of a healthy balanced diet because they contain a large number of calories and little nutritious value. If you do decide to incorporate this type of food in your diet, make sure to do it in moderation and in modest portions.

Too much sugar raises the risk of dental decay and obesity, among other things.


The body loses fluid on a continuous basis by breathing, sweating, and going to the bathroom, and this fluid must be supplied. Drink 6-8 glasses of fluids every day to help keep the body hydrated and prevent dehydration. Water, low-fat milk, and sugar-free beverages, including tea and coffee, all count toward your total. Instead of sugary beverages, go for sugar-free alternatives. Because fruit juices and smoothies are rich in sugar, limit your daily intake to no more than 150ml of total fruit juice and smoothie consumption.

For example, a pint of beer or a 175ml glass of wine both contain around 135 calories, but a 25ml shot of liquor contains approximately 56 calories (per serving).

In the case of spirits, one unit is equal to one tiny single measure, however a 175ml glass of wine or a pint of normal strength beer or cider includes two units each.

Feeling thirsty is one of the earliest indicators of dehydration, but you may also notice the following signs:

  • Having darker urine than normal or not passing much pee when you go to the bathroom are both signs of kidney disease. suffering from headaches, feeling confused and agitated, or having difficulty concentrating

If you have any worries about any of these symptoms, you should consult your doctor.

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