An Athlete Who Increases His Or Her Intake Of Pasta Will Also Increase His Or Her Need For

Nutrition Ch 7-12.rtf – CH 7 1 The vitamin most closely associated with protein metabolism is Pyridoxine 2 An athlete who increases his or her intake of

CHAPTERS 71-72. Pyridoxine2 is the vitamin that is most closely related with protein metabolism. An athlete who increases his or her consumption of pasta will also raise his or her requirement for the following vitamins: It is called Scurvy when a vitamin deficiency illness occurs as a result of a lack of vitamin C. 4. A deficit in folate may result in the following conditions:Neural tube defects 5) Vitamins are non-caloric important nutrients that are required in extremely tiny amounts for specialized metabolic management and disease prevention and are classified as: It is most probable that a vitamin B12 shortage will occur in an elderly lady who consumes a vegan diet.

A deficiency in vitamin A may result in:Night blindness.

Selenium is a vitamin that is beneficial in preventing free radical damage to membranes.

Soybean oil is a good source of vitamin E in the diet, according to the USDA.

  1. The finest source of riboflavin may be found in: milk 13) A vitamin that is important in blood clotting is known as Vitamin K14).
  2. The nutrient intake recommendation that specifies the maximum nutrient intake that is unlikely to cause toxicity in healthy persons is known as Chapter 81.
  3. 2.
  4. Iron is a trace mineral that is important in the synthesis of hemoglobin as well as in general metabolism.
  5. One of sodium’s most significant functions is to maintain water equilibrium.
  6. 8.
  7. 9.

It is added to the water supply to assist prevent dentalcaries.

Meat is the most abundant dietary source of zinc, followed by eggs.

The mineral that is required for the synthesis of fibrin, which results in a clot.

Yogurt is a rich source of calcium and may be found in a variety of foods.

The following is an example of a low sodium food: Potassium is the electrolyte that is found in the majority of cells.

The absorption of particles in solution from a low concentration area to a high concentration area is done by the following mechanisms: Secondly, the acid-base buffer system is predominantly regulated by the lungs and kidneys.

The balance of water between bodily compartments is a shared role of plasma proteins, glucose, electrolytes, and sodium.4.

Sodium is the principal electrolyte found protecting the water outside of the cells.

6. Methods by which water and solutes flow through membranes include diffusionfiltration and evaporationfiltration. The average quantity of liquid from beverages (in addition to the fluid from meals) required by men and women daily is 9 cups and 7 cups, respectively (see Figure 7).

Nutrition exam #2 Flashcards

A vitamin A deficiency can lead to a variety of health problems. The amount of vitamin E required varies depending on the amount of The greatest source of riboflavin is found in the following foods: Vitamin B12 is the vitamin that is most closely related with protein metabolism. nutrient consumption guidelines are used to define the maximum amount of nutrients that are likely to be consumed by healthy persons without causing them to become hazardous. Upper Intake Levels That Are Tolerable (UL) It is possible to find a major supply of vitamin A in Vitamin D in its active state is referred to as The most effective fat-soluble antioxidant is vitamin E.

  • When it comes to the people listed below, a retired lady who follows a vegan diet is the one most at risk of developing vitamin B12 insufficiency.
  • They are referred to as noncaloric essential nutrients because they are required in extremely tiny amounts for specialized metabolic regulation and disease prevention.
  • A lack of folate can lead to a variety of health problems.
  • An athlete who increases his or her diet of pasta will likewise see an increase in the amount of protein required.
  • Vitamin K does not include UL.
  • The role of all B-complex vitamins is to help the body absorb calcium.

Dietary approaches that promote appropriate and balanced vitamin consumption as well as general health include which of the following: A well-balanced diet that includes foods from all food categories and is consumed in regulated quantities True or false: an excellent supply of vitamin K may be found in some foods.

Pellagra is a deficiency condition connected with niacin that is distinguished by the presence of four D’s.

Dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, and death are all possible outcomes.

Vitamin B12 is the vitamin that is most closely related with protein metabolism.

Chapter 7: Vitamins Flashcards by Lid Mo

When compared to the general population, athletes will have differing dietary requirements. It is possible that they will demand more calories and macronutrients to maintain their strength and energy in order to compete at their peak performance. Sportspeople, in addition to ingesting adequate quantities of calories and macronutrients, may also require additional vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients in order to achieve optimal recovery and performance levels. Furthermore, they may need to think about the time of their meals and make sure they are getting enough water.

We also include samples of breakfast, lunch, and supper menus for your consideration.

When a person consumes a nutritious diet, they are able to satisfy the energy and nutritional requirements of training and activity. In addition to assisting a person in performing at their best, it aids in the rehabilitation process. Athletes may want to think about the following:

  • Their caloric requirements, macronutrient proportions and ratios, meal and snack timings, vitamins and minerals for recovery and performance, and hydration are all important considerations.

It is possible to increase an athlete’s performance by tailoring these factors to their body weight and composition, the amount of time they spend training, and the sort of activity they participate in. For adults, according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans for 2020–2025, the ideal macronutrient ratios should be in the following proportions:

  • Carbohydrates account for 45–65 percent of total calories
  • Protein accounts for 10–35 percent of total calories
  • And fat accounts for 20–35 percent of total calories.

According to the International Sports Sciences Association (ISSA), persons can modify these ratios depending on their desired level of physical activity. An endurance athlete, for example, would increase their carbohydrate consumption, whereas a strength athlete would increase their protein intake, and so on. This is according to a 2018 analysis by the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN), which found that the following macronutrient ratios are common for athletes:


As a result of the critical role carbohydrates play in athletic performance, carbohydrates receive a significant lot of attention from the sports nutrition community. The preferred fuel source for many athletes, particularly those who engage in high intensity and long duration activity, is carbohydrate. This is due to the fact that they provide sufficient glycogen storage and blood glucose to meet the demands of activity. Athletes will require varying quantities of carbohydrates based on their exercise volume in order to sustain their liver and muscle glycogen reserves, respectively.

The International Sports Science Network (ISSN) recommends 8–10 g/kg of body weight, or 400–1,500 g of carbohydrates per day for athletes weighing 50–150 kg during high volume intense training, defined as 3–6 hours per day of intense training in 1–2 daily workouts 5–6 days per week for athletes weighing 50–150 kg.

Among the healthy carbs for an athlete’s diet include whole grains like brown rice, quinoa, oats, and pasta, as well as starchy vegetables like potatoes and sweet potatoes.


Protein also plays an important part in sports nutrition since it supplies the body with the appropriate quantity of amino acids to aid in the development and repair of muscles and other tissues during physical activity. It is possible that athletes who engage in hard exercise will benefit from consuming more than double the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of protein in their diet. For example, the nutritional reference intake for adult females is 46 g, but the dietary reference intake for adult men is 56 g Because of this, athletes may benefit from consuming protein in quantities closer to 92 and 112 grams per kilogram of body weight.

The ISSN also states that the optimum daily protein consumption might range between 1.2 and 2.0 g/kg of body weight, depending on the individual.

1.2–2 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight is recommended for athletes who engage in moderate quantities of intensive exercise, which equates to 60–300 grams of protein per day for athletes who weigh 50–150 kilograms (about).

The International Sports Science Network (ISSN) recommends 1.7–2.2 g of protein per 1 kilogram of body weight per day for athletes weighing 50–150 kg, or 85–330 g of protein for an athlete weighing 50–150 kg. Protein sources that are good for you include:

  • Meat and poultry that is lean
  • Fish and shellfish
  • Eggs and dairy products
  • Beans and lentils
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Soy products, including tofu and tempeh
  • And grains.
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Fats are required in the diet in order to keep biological systems such as hormone metabolism and neurotransmitter activity running smoothly. Incorporating healthy fats into your diet will also help you feel full longer and can act as a concentrated fuel source for athletes who have high energy demands. The International Sports Science Network (ISSN) suggests that athletes have moderate fat consumption, which accounts for around 30% of daily calories. They can, however, safely ingest up to 50% of their daily calories as fat in order to satisfy the demands of high-intensity exercise sessions.

  1. Some athletes may choose to follow a ketogenic diet in which they ingest a larger proportion of fat.
  2. Oily fish, olive oil, avocados, almonds, and seeds are all good sources of healthy fat.
  3. With a diverse and well-balanced diet, most people can typically get enough of the key vitamins and minerals they need.
  4. Dietary supplement makers’ statements regarding their products should be evaluated for legitimacy and scientific quality, according to the International Society for Nutrition.
  • In order to sustain biological functions such as hormone metabolism and neurotransmitter function, fats are required in the diet. Dietary inclusion of healthy fats can aid in satiety and can act as a concentrated fuel source for athletes with high energy requirements. As recommended by the International Sports Science Network, athletes should have moderate fat consumption, which amounts to around 30% of total daily calories. They can, however, safely ingest up to 50% of their daily calories as fat in order to satisfy the demands of high-intensity training sessions without becoming overweight. Athletes wishing to lose body fat should limit their fat consumption to no more than 20% of their daily calorie requirements. Some athletes may opt to follow a ketogenic diet, which involves eating a high fat diet. The ISSN evaluation, on the other hand, concludes that there is insufficient data to support the diet’s efficacy. Oily fish, olive oil, avocados, almonds, and seeds are all good sources of healthy fats. The vital vitamins and minerals that athletes require to sustain their overall health as well as their athletic performance should be consumed by them. With a diverse and well-balanced diet, most people can typically get enough of the key vitamins and minerals they require. For certain athletes, taking vitamin or mineral supplements or ergogenic aids like creatine may be a good decision. Among the recommendations made by the ISSN is for consumers to examine the legitimacy and scientific quality of claims made by producers concerning dietary supplement products. Many dietary supplements, including the following, have minimal evidence to support their efficacy or safety.

Other ergogenic aids, such as caffeine and creatine monohydrate, have, on the other hand, been proven to be safe and useful for athletes. Some sports associations, it is vital to be aware of, forbid the use of certain nutritional supplements during competition. Athletes should also make sure that they are getting enough water to be hydrated. According to the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) and other sports nutrition specialists, losing 2 percent or more of one’s body weight via perspiration can have a substantial impact on one’s performance.

  • Athletes must consume enough calories to equal the amount of energy they spend while participating in sports.
  • Therefore, athletes that engage in this level of activity may require 40–70 calories per 1 kilogram of body weight per day, as opposed to the average less active individual, who normally requires 25–35 calories per 1 kg of body weight per day, depending on their age and gender.
  • Additionally, athletes weighing 100–150 kg may require between 6,000 and 12,000 calories per day to match training demands, according to the report.
  • The timing and substance of meals can aid in the achievement of training objectives, the reduction of tiredness, and the optimization of body composition.
  • For example, the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) recommends that strength athletes ingest carbs and protein or protein on its own up to 4 hours before and up to 2 hours after training.
  • Endurance athletes, on the other hand, would need to ingest primarily carbs and a minor quantity of protein about 1–4 hours before their workout.
  • Some people may discover that eating a meal too soon to the start of an exercise session causes digestive pain in their stomach.
  • According on the sport that an athlete participates in, they have varying dietary requirements.
  • For example, the International Swimming Swimming Association (ISSA) emphasizes the need of hydration and carbohydrate loading for competitive swimmers.

Athletes may require the assistance of a sports nutritionist, preferably a registered dietitian, in order to ensure that they consume enough calories and nutrients to maintain their body weight, optimize performance and recovery, and develop a timing strategy that is appropriate for their body, sport, and time constraints.

  • It is advisable to consume whole foods rather than processed meals in order to improve the nutritional content of the diet.
  • Some athletes, however, may prefer simpler, lower fiber carbs to supply sufficient nutrition while minimizing gastrointestinal irritation just before and after hard training and racing sessions and events.
  • Portion sizes and calorie counts will differ based on a person’s gender, weight, and degree of physical activity: Breakfast consists of eggs (boiled, scrambled, or poached), salmon, fresh spinach, and whole grain bread or bagel.
  • Baked sweet potatoes with turkey, bean chili, or both on top are served with a watercress, pepper, and avocado salad drizzled with olive oil and sprinkled with hemp seeds for dinner.

Snacks are an essential part of athletes’ daily diet and calorie intake, since they help them stay energized and focused throughout the day. Among the alternatives are:

  • Carrot sticks and whole grain pita dipped in hummus, as well as a protein-packed smoothie made with fruit and protein powder crackers made of whole grain with cheese or canned tuna
  • Fruit, nuts, and/or granola on top of Greek yogurt
  • The combination of an apple or a banana with peanut or almond butter

To achieve optimal health and performance, athletes must carefully arrange their nutritional intake. They should take into account their calorie and macronutrient requirements, as well as ensuring that they consume a balanced diet that contains necessary vitamins and minerals. Hydration and meal timing are other important factors in maintaining peak performance throughout the day. Some athletes may opt to augment their diet with dietary supplements. They should, however, be conscious of safety and effectiveness concerns, as well as ensuring that their athletic organisation permits them to do so.

Nutrition and athletic performance: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Nutrition can aid in the improvement of sports performance. The most effective strategy to maintain a healthy lifestyle and workout regimen is to combine them with a nutritious diet. It might be beneficial to have a healthy diet in order to have the energy you need to finish a race or just enjoy a recreational sport or activity. When you do not get enough sleep, you are more likely to feel weary and perform poorly during sports:

  • The following nutrients are included: calories, carbohydrates, and fluids
  • Iron, vitamins, and other minerals
  • Protein

The optimum diet for an athlete is not much different from the one that is suggested for any healthy individual. However, the amount of each food category you require will be determined by the following factors:

  • The nature of the sport
  • The quantity of training you put in
  • Duration of activity or exercise
  • The amount of time you spend performing it.

People have a tendency to overestimate the number of calories they burn during an exercise, making it critical to avoid consuming more energy than you spend while exercising. Avoid exercising on an empty stomach if you want to improve your performance. Because everyone is unique, you will need to learn the following:

  • When should you eat and how long before you should exercise
  • How much food is the appropriate serving size for you
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CARBOHYDRATES Carbohydrates are required for the production of energy during physical activity. It is the muscles and liver that store the majority of carbohydrates.

  • In foods such as pasta, bagels, whole grain breads, and rice, complex carbohydrates can be found in high concentrations. They are high in energy, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, among other things. These foods have a low fat content. Sugars from simple sources, such as soda, jams and jellies, and sweets, supply a lot of calories, but they don’t provide many nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. The amount of carbs you consume on a daily basis is what is most important. carbs should account for slightly more than half of your total caloric intake.

If you want to exercise for more than one hour, you should consume carbs before you begin. Have a glass of fruit juice, a cup (245 grams) of yogurt, or an English muffin with jam as your snack. You should limit the quantity of fat you ingest in the hour before a physical activity. In addition, carbohydrates are required during exercise if you want to engage in more than an hour of vigorous aerobic activity. You can meet this requirement by possessing the following:

  • Every 15 to 20 minutes, drink 5 to 10 ounces (150 to 300 milliliters) of a sports drink
  • A handful or two of pretzels
  • A half to two-thirds cup (40 to 55 grams) of low-fat granola
  • And a cup of low-fat milk.

If you are doing a lot of physical activity, you will need to eat carbs thereafter to replenish the energy stores in your muscles afterward.

  • A higher carbohydrate intake, maybe combined with protein, should be consumed 2 hours after an activity or training session lasting more than 90 minutes. Water is usually sufficient for exercises lasting less than 60 minutes
  • Alternative options include sports bars, trail mix with almonds, and yogurt and oats.

A higher carbohydrate intake, maybe combined with protein, should be consumed 2 hours after an intense workout or training session lasting over 90 minutes. Water is usually sufficient for exercises lasting less than 60 minutes; alternative options include sports bars, trail mix with almonds, or yogurt and oats.

  • Muscle can only be changed via strength training and exercise. Athletes, and even body builders, require only a small amount of additional protein to aid in muscle development. Athletes may easily fulfill this increased calorie need by increasing their overall calorie intake (by consuming more food).

The majority of Americans currently consume nearly double the amount of protein required for muscular building. An excessive amount of protein in the diet:

  • It will be stored as more body fat
  • It will raise the likelihood of dehydration (not having enough fluids in the body)
  • And it can cause kidney failure. It is possible to have calcium loss. It has the potential to place an additional stress on the kidneys.

People who concentrate on consuming more protein may find that they do not consume enough carbs, which are the most significant source of energy during physical activity. Supplementing with amino acids and consuming a lot of protein are not suggested. WATER AND OTHER FLUIDS ARE INCLUDED. Water is the most crucial nutrient for athletes, despite the fact that it is often disregarded. Drinking enough of water and other fluids is vital for keeping the body hydrated and at the proper temperature. During an hour of hard activity, your body might lose several liters of water through perspiration.

Some suggestions for maintaining enough fluid levels in the body are as follows:

  • Remember to drink lots of fluids with every meal, regardless of whether or not you plan to exercise. Aim to consume around 16 ounces (2 cups) or 480 milliliters of water two hours before a physical exercise session. It is critical to begin exercising with a sufficient amount of water in your body. Keep drinking water throughout and after your workout, consuming around 1/2 to 1 cup (120 to 240 milliliters) of fluid every 15 to 20 minutes. For the first hour, water is the best option. It is beneficial to switch to an energy drink after the first hour to ensure that you obtain adequate electrolytes. Continue to drink even if you do not feel thirsty
  • Although pouring water over your head may feel pleasant, it will not help you to get more fluids into your body.

During athletic activities, be sure to provide youngsters with enough of water. They do not respond to thirstas in the same way that adults do. Teenagers and adults should drink enough fluids to replenish any body weight that has been lost as a result of exercising. Drink 16 to 24 ounces (480 to 720 milliliters) or 3 cups (720 milliliters) of liquids for every pound (450 grams) of weight you lose while exercising during the following 6 hours. THE ACHIEVEMENT OF DESIRED WEIGHTS FOR COMPETITIVE PURPOSE The process of losing or gaining weight in order to increase performance must be done carefully, or else it might do more harm than benefit.

  • It is critical to create realistic weight-loss goals for one’s body.
  • It is possible to develop undesirable eating habits by experimenting with different diets on your own.
  • Consult with a health-care provider to determine the best diet for you based on your sport, age, gender, and amount of training you are putting in.
  • Elsevier; 2018.
  • Sports nutrition.
  • Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018.
  • Sports nutrition.

The fifth edition of DeLee and Drez’s Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, edited by Miller MD and Thompson SR, will be published in 2020 by Elsevier.


Journal of the American College of Nutrition and Dietetics.

The PMID number is 26920240.

Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, provided the most recent update.

In addition, David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial staff examined the manuscript for accuracy.

Nutrition rules that will fuel your workout

Your energy level and your ability to recuperate from an exercise are both greatly influenced by what you eat and when you consume it. Staff at the Mayo Clinic Your body is a piece of machinery. And, like other machines, it need the proper fuel in order to function well – especially if you are physically active. But what meals should you consume in order to maximize the benefits of your workout? And when is this going to happen?

Rule1: Pay attention

You might be astonished at how many physically active individuals disregard the need of dietary fundamentals – and then find themselves lacking in vital nutrients. Inadequate intake of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients might have negative consequences for your health and performance. Fueling up for action, on the other hand, is as simple as adhering to the well-established guidelines of a balanced diet: Get your fruits and vegetables from a variety of sources; consume lean proteins and healthy fats; obtain your carbs from whole grains; and drink lots of fluids, particularly water

Rule2: Fuel up (even if your goal is to lose weight)

Give your body the energy it requires to complete the tasks you set for it — even if you are attempting to shed pounds. Nutritional insufficiency can result in decreased muscle mass, decreased bone density, and weariness. This raises your risk of injury and disease, lengthens your recovery time, creates hormonal imbalances, and, in the case of women, monthly irregularities. Make sure your food plan provides you with enough nutrient-dense calories so that you can exercise while being injury-free and in good shape.

Rule3: Love carbs (you need them)

Carbohydrates have a poor reputation among certain individuals. However, research conducted over the past 50 years has demonstrated that carbohydrates benefit your body when you engage in prolonged and high-intensity exercise. In fact, the more physically active you are, the more carbohydrates you require. But what about the current tendency among athletes to have high-fat, low-carbohydrate meals? According to the evidence, these diets do not improve athletic performance and may even be detrimental at greater intensities.

  • Carbs for the ordinary workout — If you are in good condition and want to fuel a daily, light-intensity activity, aim to consume 3 to 5 grams of carbohydrates for every kilogram of your body weight. For a person weighing 150 pounds (68 kilograms), it equates to between 200 and 340 grams of sugar each day. carbohydrates for prolonged activity — If you exercise for more than an hour every day, you may require 6 to 10 grams of carbohydrates per kilogram of your body weight, depending on your age and gender. For a 150-pound individual, it equates to 408 to 680 grams of sugar each day
See also:  How Many Pounds Of Pasta Salad For 50

Choose nutritious carbohydrates such as brown rice, quinoa, whole-grain bread and pasta, sweet potatoes, fruits, and vegetables as your carbohydrate sources.

Rule4: Rebuild with protein

Protien is crucial because it delivers the amino acids that your body need for the construction and repair of muscle. The majority of studies recommends that persons who are really active should consume 1.2 to 2 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. This suggests that a 150-pound individual should consume 82 to 136 grams of protein each day. People who do not engage in physical activity should consume less protein. Every day, aim for an intake of.8 grams per kilogram of body weight. Poultry (which has 25 grams of protein per 3 ounces) and fish are excellent sources of protein (20 grams in 3 ounces).

Those who prefer not to consume meat can substitute soybeans (20 grams per cup) and legumes such as beans, peanuts, and chickpeas for their protein needs (about 15 grams per cup). Eggs, Greek yogurt, cheese, and tofu are all excellent sources of vitamin D.

Rule5: Don’t ignore fats

Many individuals are perplexed by the subject of fat. However, it is necessary for a healthy diet. Fat gives energy and aids in the absorption of vitamins by the body. Some vitamins (such as A, D, E, and K) really require fat in order to be effective in your body. Make certain you choose unsaturated fats. Avocado, olive, and canola oils, flaxseed, and almonds are all excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids.

Rule6: Know what you need pre-workout

If you only work out for a few minutes at a time, eating throughout the day should be sufficient to provide you with adequate energy. However, if you want to minimize gastrointestinal troubles, you should avoid eating soon before you workout. You should eat one to three hours before your workout, regardless of whether you plan to engage in prolonged, high-intensity activity such as a half marathon.

Rule7: Remember the post-workout 15

During an exercise, your body makes use of the energy reserves it has saved. Following an exercise session, it is critical to replenish those nutrients as quickly as possible. In accordance with research, consuming high-protein foods immediately after an exercise (within 15 minutes) delivers the essential amino acids necessary for the growth and repair of muscles. This may also boost the amount of energy your body stores in order to be able to use it in the future. After your workout, you’ll want to restore your carbohydrate and fluid stores as well.

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Do Your Diet Right — Nutrition Tips to Keep You Running into Fall

Nutrition is one of the most talked-about subjects in the running community right now. From weekend warriors to professional athletes at the pinnacle of the sport, what runners eat before and after races is a perennial topic for discussion. The way runners feed the rest of their life — including regular training runs, rest days, and everything in between — is also critical, of course. Now that the Bellin Run has concluded, local runners may be looking forward to a variety of shorter and longer races throughout the summer and into the fall.

As Lee Hyrkas, Bellin Health registered dietitian and performance nutrition consultant, explained, “In order to construct an effective sports nutrition program, we must first understand the primary sources of fuel — that is, calories — that make up our diet.” “If your aim is to achieve optimal health and performance, it is critical to maintain a healthy balance in your diet of the three primary fuel sources: carbs, protein, and fat.” Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are essential fuel for endurance athletes such as runners, cyclists, triathletes, and other sports that require prolonged physical exertion.

According to Hyrkas, the body can only store a finite quantity of carbohydrates as glycogen, which the muscles then consume as fuel while exercising.

Carbohydrates (breads, whole grains, pasta, rice, beans, etc.) should account for one-third of an athlete’s plate on high-intensity training days or days leading up to an event; the remaining one-third should be made up of lean protein (good sources include skinless chicken, fish, trimmed beef, eggs, and egg whites); and the final third should be made up of non-starchy vegetables such as salad, carrots, broccoli, peppers, or other tasty As a nutritious dessert, Hyrkas advises berries or other fruits.

Carbohydrates should account for no more than a quarter of one’s meal on lower-intensity training days and rest days, if at all.

In this case, “the objective is to reduce your carbohydrate consumption during periods of lower-intensity training,” Hyrkas explained.

In addition to helping runners maintain and grow lean body mass, consuming protein frequently throughout the day while participating in resistance training (a sort of exercise that is typically disregarded or shunned by runners) can assist runners improve their performance.

Protein-dense foods such as nuts, beans, peanut butter (including edamame), yogurt (including Kefir), and milk (including skim milk) are excellent sources of protein in addition to the ones indicated above.

Among other things, fat is necessary for the absorption of certain fat-soluble vitamins, the production of hormones, and the insulation and cushioning of one’s essential organs.

He went on to say that not all fats are created equal, and that athletes should strive to consume more monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which include olive oil, canola oil, avocados, nuts, seeds, and fish.

Putting everything together Hyrkas suggests that athletes divide their fuel intake into four to six moderate-sized meals each day in order to get optimal energy and performance.

According to Hyrkas, most people are accustomed to eating only two or three meals each day; but, by eating smaller meals more frequently, you will have more energy to power your exercise.

In the long run, paying more attention to what you put into your body will improve the results you get from it. Members of the USA TODAY Network’s editorial and news staff were not involved in the development of this material.

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